About Blood Pressure
Wondering what is blood pressure and how it affects human body.In simple terms force exerted by circulating blood on the walls of blood vessels is considered main reason for blood pressure. Blood pressure generally refers to arterial pressure, which means pressure in larger arteries. The arteries are blood vessels and they take blood from the heart. The method to measure arterial pressure is through sphygmomanometer, which uses height of rising mercury to reflect the circulating pressure in body.
The pressure values are reported in millimeters of mercury.
When heart beats it pumps blood out into the arteries, on an average it beats 60-70 times a minute. The blood pressure is at highest when heart beats and is pumping blood out into blood vessels.
This situation is called Systolic pressure. Between the beats, when heart is at rest, blood pressure falls. This situation is called diastolic pressure. How to read blood pressure reading? The blood pressure reading comes with two numbers, the Systolic and Diastolic pressure. The combination of both numbers gives blood pressure of body.
|The healthy body will have blood pressure around 120/80 mmHG. The top number specifies Systolic pressure and the bottom number gives Diastolic pressure. The blood pressure varies throughout the day it is active more during workout, active, excited or nervous. During sleep it is at lowest level. [read more on About Blood Pressure]|
What is High Blood Pressure
What Is High Blood Pressure? When Systolic pressure drops to 140 and Diastolic pressure to 90 then it indicates person is having high blood pressure. Both numbers are important. The good news is that high blood pressure can be treated with modern medicines and lifestyle changes.
Once it develops and is undetected for long time, it stays for lifetime. With modern medicine, light workout and diet control the blood pressure can be kept under control. Consult doctor for medication and diet plans, chances are with changes in lifestyle will help you to lower high blood pressure.
High blood pressure is also called silent killer, because it has no symptoms to warn patients. People will usually find it when body organs are experiencing trouble or you feel pressure in head. In case a person does not get help on time or it is not detected at early stage, it can lead to serious complication and in some case leads to death.
What can cause High Blood Pressure
- Heart failure can happen due to bigger heart.
- Small bulges get form in blood vessels the common place to form is arteries, which take blood out from heart.
- Shrinking of blood vessels.
- The eyes can bleed or burst which may lead to vision damage.
- High Blood Pressure: .... [read more]
Blood Pressure ResourceNHLBI     WebMD     LifeClinic     Mayo Clinic
What is Low Blood Pressure
The low blood pressure also known as Hypotension. When a person has blood pressure range of 90/60 then he or she has low blood pressure. Normal blood pressure for human being is in the range of 120/80. The upper reading is Systolic pressure and the below reading is Diastolic pressure. People suffering from low blood pressure have less blood flowing to heart, kidney, brain and other important organs of the body.What Causes Low Blood Pressure
Some of the reasons which can lead to low blood pressure:
- The hormonal problems, diabetes, underactive thyroid (hypothyroidism), overactive thyroid (hyperthyroidism), and low blood sugar (hypoglycemia).
- Some over-the-counter medications can create this problem.
- The Overdose of high blood pressure drugs.
- Disrupting functioning of heart.
- Abnormal heart beats or rhythms.
- Heat stroke.
- Liver disease.
Following reason can also cause sudden drops in blood pressure and can lead to life-threatening situation.
Blood Pressure Reading Chart
Following table gives details about blood pressure reading and how to understand each stage of blood pressure.
Blood Pressure Chart
What to do
|Below 120||Below 80||Normal Blood Pressure||Adopt a healthy lifestyle||[read more]|
|120 - 139||80 - 89||Prehypertension||Adopt a healthy lifestyle||[read more]|
|140 - 159||90 - 99||Stage 1 hypertension||Adopt a healthy lifestyle Medication Required||[read more]|
|Above 160||Above 100||Stage 2 hypertension||Adopt a healthy lifestyle Medication Required||[read more]|
Blood Pressure Medication
Choosing blood pressure medications - This is the biggest dilemma one faces while going through high blood pressure disease. This dilemma will be solved by your doctor by prescribing right medication and dosage.
According to National High Blood Pressure Education Program has recommended established guidelines for high blood pressure. This is a coalition of doctors, professionals, and voluntary organizations and government.
The information about medication mentioned here may differ from what your doctor has advised you. This depend what level of high blood pressure you are having and in what medical condition you are in. Blood pressure medication is required only when pressure is high or too low. [read more]
Blood Pressure Tips
Blood Pressure Advise     Do you know cardiovascular diseases tops as number one killer in America. It is painful to know thousands of people die because of heart diseases. Due to stress, age and environment effect, cardiovascular issues are inevitable. The healthy lifestyle will lead to healthy body which in turn will help in reducing High Blood pressure. Undetected high blood pressure not treated on time can lead to heart attack, kidney failure and other diseases.
Read more about ten tips to reduce high blood pressure .... Read More